Coffee Types

Your Coffee Compendium: Exploring the Various Types and Roasts of Coffee

Coffee, a magical word that evokes the aroma of freshly ground beans. It’s not just a beverage; it's an exploration of culture and taste. With a plethora of types and roasts, the world of coffee is as diverse as it is delicious. Come along as we dive into the wonderful world of coffee types. It’s a great day to learn something new.

Discovering the bean: Arabica vs Robusta

Before we delve into the various coffee roasts, it's crucial to understand the foundation of coffee -- the beans. Primarily, there are two main types of coffee beans, Arabica and Robusta, which serve as the base for most coffee brews.

Arabica beans are the most popular and widely consumed globally, known for their sweet, soft taste and higher acidity​. Robusta beans, on the other hand, are stronger and harsher, with a grain-like overtone and nutty aftertaste. They contain more caffeine compared to Arabica. Besides these, two lesser-known types are Liberica and Excelsa, each with unique flavours and characteristics​.

Roast spectrum: From light to dark

Roasting is a heat process that turns coffee into the fragrant, dark brown beans we know. The roast greatly affects the taste; the higher the temperature, the darker the roast. Here’s a brief on various coffee roasts:

Light roast

  • Preferred by those who appreciate a more acidic cup with nuanced flavours
  • Feature no oil on the bean surfaces as they are not roasted long enough to extract the oils

Medium roast

Exhibit a more balanced flavour, aroma, and acidity

Slightly shinier surface due to longer roasting time, allowing some oil to escape

Dark roast

Known for bold, robust flavours with a shiny surface due to the presence of oils

Often have flavours of chocolate, caramel, or nuts, with less acidity compared to lighter roasts​.

Brewing the perfect cup

The journey from bean to cup is a meticulous one. Each step, from choosing the bean type to selecting the roast and brewing method, significantly impacts the final taste. Whether you prefer a light, medium, or dark roast, the world of coffee is vast and inviting. Explore, experiment, and find your perfect brew.


Coffee Types

Final thoughts on coffee types

Embarking on a coffee expedition unveils a spectrum of flavours and aromas. Understanding the basics of coffee types and roasts enriches this journey, guiding you towards finding your ideal brew. So, the next time you sip on your next cup of Essenza Coffee, you'll not only enjoy the taste but the story behind every bean and roast. If you’ve enjoyed this deep dive, check out the other resources on our blog. And, if you have any questions at all, feel free to reach out to our friendly team.
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