Coffee, a magical word that evokes the aroma of freshly ground beans. It’s not just a beverage; it's an exploration of culture and taste. With a plethora of types and roasts, the world of coffee is as diverse as it is delicious. Come along as we dive into the wonderful world of coffee types. It’s a great day to learn something new.
Discovering the bean: Arabica vs Robusta
Before we delve into the various coffee roasts, it's crucial to understand the foundation of coffee -- the beans. Primarily, there are two main types of coffee beans, Arabica and Robusta, which serve as the base for most coffee brews.
Arabica beans are the most popular and widely consumed globally, known for their sweet, soft taste and higher acidity. Robusta beans, on the other hand, are stronger and harsher, with a grain-like overtone and nutty aftertaste. They contain more caffeine compared to Arabica. Besides these, two lesser-known types are Liberica and Excelsa, each with unique flavours and characteristics.
Roast spectrum: From light to dark
Roasting is a heat process that turns coffee into the fragrant, dark brown beans we know. The roast greatly affects the taste; the higher the temperature, the darker the roast. Here’s a brief on various coffee roasts:
- Preferred by those who appreciate a more acidic cup with nuanced flavours
- Feature no oil on the bean surfaces as they are not roasted long enough to extract the oils
Exhibit a more balanced flavour, aroma, and acidity
Slightly shinier surface due to longer roasting time, allowing some oil to escape
Known for bold, robust flavours with a shiny surface due to the presence of oils
Often have flavours of chocolate, caramel, or nuts, with less acidity compared to lighter roasts.
Brewing the perfect cup
The journey from bean to cup is a meticulous one. Each step, from choosing the bean type to selecting the roast and brewing method, significantly impacts the final taste. Whether you prefer a light, medium, or dark roast, the world of coffee is vast and inviting. Explore, experiment, and find your perfect brew.